Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research,2018,9,4,xx-xx.
Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of mortality in men and women. Acute coronary syndrome (ACS), is a major reason for hospitalization in our country. Dyslipidemia has been identified as one of the most important modifiable risk factors for CAD. Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and pattern of dyslipidemia and its relation to other modifiable risk factors. Subjects and Methods: Total 100 cases were studied in a Krishna Institutes of Medical Sciences, Karad. The study was carried out in a 12 months period from 1st August 2015 to 31st July 2016. Study Design was Cross Sectional study. All adult age >18 years admitted for acute coronary syndrome were eligible for this study. The ACS group was studied as STEMI, NSTEMI, Unstable Angina. Results: Maximum of patients 33 were in the age group 51-60 years followed by 29 patients in the age group 61-70 years. Out of 100 ACS patients, 62 were STEMI, 20 were NSTEMI and 15 were unstable angina. We found that high levels of TC (more than 200mg/dl) were found in 31% patients [mean± SD (167.79 mg/dl±45.28)]. High levels of LDL (more than 130 mg/dl) were found in 23% patients [mean± SD (97.47 mg/dl±38.24)]. Low levels of HDL (less than 40 mg/dl) were found in 52% patients [mean± SD (40.69 mg/dl± 11.84)]. High levels of TG (more than 150 mg/dl) were found in 37 % patients [mean± SD (145.28 mg/dl±65.78)]. Conclusion: Dyslipidemia is one of the major risk factors which is widely prevalent in patients with ACS and is more prevalent in males than in females. We recommend paying more attention to Serum Lipids and other modifiable risk factors for prevention of ACS.