E-ISSN 0976-2833 | ISSN 0975-3583
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Stroke in Indonesia: Risk Factors and Predispositions in Young Adults

Woro Riyadina, Julianty Pradono, Dewi Kristanti, Yuda Turana.

Abstract
Background: Stroke remains to be the main cause of death and disability in Indonesia where the incidence of stroke has been increasing despite the implementation of control programs. This study aims to investigate the predictors of stroke in the adult population through a prospective study in Bogor, Indonesia.

Methods: A cohort prospective study was conducted. A total of 5605 stroke-free subjects over 25 years of age participated in the data collection for the "Cohort Study of Non-Communicable Risk Factors." Data was collected through interviews using structured questionnaires, physical measurements thrice a year, and laboratory examinations every 2 years through 6 years of follow-up (2011-2017).

Results: During the 6-year observation, the incidence of stroke was found to be 330 person-years per 100,000 population (95% CI 130-670). The incidence of stroke among younger adults below 55 years was found to be 27 cases (0.7%) whereas the incidence of stroke among adults ≥ 55 years was 51 (2.7%). After adjusting for age, hypertension and high total cholesterol were found to be predictors of stroke (Hazard Ratio: 2.8 (95% CI 1.8-4.5) vs 1.8 (95% CI 1.1-2.8), respectively).

Conclusion: The incidence of stroke among younger adults aged 25-54 years old was found to be 27 cases (0.7%) and increases with age. Hypertension is the strongest predictor of stroke incidence.

Key words: Incidence, Indonesia, Stroke


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Woro Riyadina, Julianty Pradono, Dewi Kristanti, Yuda Turana. Stroke in Indonesia: Risk Factors and Predispositions in Young Adults. . 2020; 11(2): 178-183. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.02.30


Web Style

Woro Riyadina, Julianty Pradono, Dewi Kristanti, Yuda Turana. Stroke in Indonesia: Risk Factors and Predispositions in Young Adults. http://www.jcdronline.org//?mno=8118 [Access: July 03, 2020]. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.02.30


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Woro Riyadina, Julianty Pradono, Dewi Kristanti, Yuda Turana. Stroke in Indonesia: Risk Factors and Predispositions in Young Adults. . 2020; 11(2): 178-183. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.02.30



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Woro Riyadina, Julianty Pradono, Dewi Kristanti, Yuda Turana. Stroke in Indonesia: Risk Factors and Predispositions in Young Adults. . (2020), [cited July 03, 2020]; 11(2): 178-183. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.02.30



Harvard Style

Woro Riyadina, Julianty Pradono, Dewi Kristanti, Yuda Turana (2020) Stroke in Indonesia: Risk Factors and Predispositions in Young Adults. , 11 (2), 178-183. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.02.30



Turabian Style

Woro Riyadina, Julianty Pradono, Dewi Kristanti, Yuda Turana. 2020. Stroke in Indonesia: Risk Factors and Predispositions in Young Adults. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 11 (2), 178-183. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.02.30



Chicago Style

Woro Riyadina, Julianty Pradono, Dewi Kristanti, Yuda Turana. "Stroke in Indonesia: Risk Factors and Predispositions in Young Adults." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 11 (2020), 178-183. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.02.30



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Woro Riyadina, Julianty Pradono, Dewi Kristanti, Yuda Turana. "Stroke in Indonesia: Risk Factors and Predispositions in Young Adults." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 11.2 (2020), 178-183. Print. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.02.30



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Woro Riyadina, Julianty Pradono, Dewi Kristanti, Yuda Turana (2020) Stroke in Indonesia: Risk Factors and Predispositions in Young Adults. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 11 (2), 178-183. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.02.30