E-ISSN 0976-2833 | ISSN 0975-3583
 

Original Article 


Behavioral risk factors of coronary artery disease: A paired matched case control study

Rohit V. Ram, Atul V. Trivedi.

Abstract
Background: Cardiovascular diseases are becoming the major cause of morbidity and mortality in most of the
developing countries including India. Various behavioral risk factors are the major risk factors for coronary
artery disease. Present study was carried out to study the role of various behavioral risk factors in the occurrence
of coronary artery disease. Materials and Methods: Present study was a hospital-based paired-matched
case-control study, carried out at civil hospital, Ahmedabad. A total of 135 newly-diagnosed cases of coronary
artery disease and 135 controls were studied after taking an informed written consent. Data was analyzed by
using Epi-info version 3.5.1 computer package, Chi -square test, Z test and Odds ratio was calculated. Results:
Among the total 135 cases, 70.4% were male and 29.6% were female, most of the cases (40%) belong to the
age group of 51-60 years. Smokers, smokeless tobacco users, and alcoholic were significantly higher among the
cases as compared to controls. Significant association was also observed between current smokers, smokeless
tobacco users, and coronary artery disease. Dose-response relationship was observed between the frequency of
smoking per day and coronary artery disease (OR = 3.72). Significant association was also observed between
obesity, physical inactivity, and coronary artery disease. Salt and oil intake per day were significantly higher
among the cases as compared to controls. Conclusion: Modifiable and preventable behavioral risk factors
are major etiology behind the occurrence of coronary artery disease, which highlights the need of appropriate
control strategies and measures.

Key words: Behavioral risk factors, case- control study, coronary artery disease


 
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Pubmed Style

Rohit V. Ram, Atul V. Trivedi. Behavioral risk factors of coronary artery disease: A paired matched case control study. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2012; 3(3): 212-217. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.98896


Web Style

Rohit V. Ram, Atul V. Trivedi. Behavioral risk factors of coronary artery disease: A paired matched case control study. http://www.jcdronline.org/?mno=93262 [Access: January 16, 2022]. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.98896


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Rohit V. Ram, Atul V. Trivedi. Behavioral risk factors of coronary artery disease: A paired matched case control study. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2012; 3(3): 212-217. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.98896



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Rohit V. Ram, Atul V. Trivedi. Behavioral risk factors of coronary artery disease: A paired matched case control study. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. (2012), [cited January 16, 2022]; 3(3): 212-217. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.98896



Harvard Style

Rohit V. Ram, Atul V. Trivedi (2012) Behavioral risk factors of coronary artery disease: A paired matched case control study. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res., 3 (3), 212-217. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.98896



Turabian Style

Rohit V. Ram, Atul V. Trivedi. 2012. Behavioral risk factors of coronary artery disease: A paired matched case control study. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 3 (3), 212-217. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.98896



Chicago Style

Rohit V. Ram, Atul V. Trivedi. "Behavioral risk factors of coronary artery disease: A paired matched case control study." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 3 (2012), 212-217. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.98896



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Rohit V. Ram, Atul V. Trivedi. "Behavioral risk factors of coronary artery disease: A paired matched case control study." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 3.3 (2012), 212-217. Print. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.98896



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Rohit V. Ram, Atul V. Trivedi (2012) Behavioral risk factors of coronary artery disease: A paired matched case control study. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 3 (3), 212-217. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.98896





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