E-ISSN 0976-2833 | ISSN 0975-3583
 

Original Article 


Impact of urbanization and gender on frequency of metabolic syndrome among native Abuja settlers in Nigeria

Adediran O., Akintunde A. A., Edo A. E., Opadijo O. G., Araoye A. M..

Abstract
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Nigeria is currently
undergoing rapid epidemiological transition. The objective was to study whether urbanization is associated
with increased prevalence of MetS between native rural Abuja settlers and genetically related urban dwellers.
Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study. Three hundred and forty-two urban native Abuja settlers
and 325 rural dwellers were used for the study. Fasting blood lipid, glucose, waist circumference, blood pressure,
and body mass index were determined. MetS was defined according to three standard criteria. SPSS 16.0 was
used for statistical analysis. P<0.05 was used as statistically significant. Results: Obesity, hypertriglyceridemia,
and hypertension were commoner among urban dwellers than rural dwellers. MetS was associated more with the
female gender. Urbanization significantly increases the frequency of MetS using the three standard definitions.
The prevalence of MetS using International Diabetes Federation, World Health Organization, and National
Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III among rural versus urban dwellers were 7.7% vs.
14.9%, P<0.05; 0% vs. 0.9%, P>0.05; and 3.7% vs. 13.7%, P<0.05, respectively. Conclusion: This study
shows that MetS is a major health condition among rural and urban Nigerians and that urbanization significantly
increases the prevalence of MetS. This can be explained on the basis of higher prevalence of dyslipidemia,
obesity, and hypertension in urban setting, possibly as a result of stress, diet, and reduction in physical activity.
Effective preventive strategy is therefore required to stem the increased risk associated with urbanization to
reduce the cardiovascular risk associated with MetS among Nigerians.

Key words: Dyslipidemia, metabolic syndrome, Nigeria, obesity, urbanization


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Adediran O., Akintunde A. A., Edo A. E., Opadijo O. G., Araoye A. M.. Impact of urbanization and gender on frequency of metabolic syndrome among native Abuja settlers in Nigeria. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2012; 3(3): 191-196. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.98890


Web Style

Adediran O., Akintunde A. A., Edo A. E., Opadijo O. G., Araoye A. M.. Impact of urbanization and gender on frequency of metabolic syndrome among native Abuja settlers in Nigeria. http://www.jcdronline.org/?mno=93258 [Access: January 17, 2022]. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.98890


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Adediran O., Akintunde A. A., Edo A. E., Opadijo O. G., Araoye A. M.. Impact of urbanization and gender on frequency of metabolic syndrome among native Abuja settlers in Nigeria. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2012; 3(3): 191-196. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.98890



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Adediran O., Akintunde A. A., Edo A. E., Opadijo O. G., Araoye A. M.. Impact of urbanization and gender on frequency of metabolic syndrome among native Abuja settlers in Nigeria. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. (2012), [cited January 17, 2022]; 3(3): 191-196. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.98890



Harvard Style

Adediran O., Akintunde A. A., Edo A. E., Opadijo O. G., Araoye A. M. (2012) Impact of urbanization and gender on frequency of metabolic syndrome among native Abuja settlers in Nigeria. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res., 3 (3), 191-196. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.98890



Turabian Style

Adediran O., Akintunde A. A., Edo A. E., Opadijo O. G., Araoye A. M.. 2012. Impact of urbanization and gender on frequency of metabolic syndrome among native Abuja settlers in Nigeria. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 3 (3), 191-196. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.98890



Chicago Style

Adediran O., Akintunde A. A., Edo A. E., Opadijo O. G., Araoye A. M.. "Impact of urbanization and gender on frequency of metabolic syndrome among native Abuja settlers in Nigeria." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 3 (2012), 191-196. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.98890



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Adediran O., Akintunde A. A., Edo A. E., Opadijo O. G., Araoye A. M.. "Impact of urbanization and gender on frequency of metabolic syndrome among native Abuja settlers in Nigeria." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 3.3 (2012), 191-196. Print. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.98890



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Adediran O., Akintunde A. A., Edo A. E., Opadijo O. G., Araoye A. M. (2012) Impact of urbanization and gender on frequency of metabolic syndrome among native Abuja settlers in Nigeria. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 3 (3), 191-196. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.98890





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