E-ISSN 0976-2833 | ISSN 0975-3583
 

Case Report 


Accelerated atherosclerosis in a human immunodeficiency virus infected patient not on highly active anti-retroviral therapy : An autopsy case report

R. Kalyani, M. J. Thej, K. Prabhakar, J. Kiran.

Abstract
The pandemie spread of human immunodefieieney virus (HIV) has been the greatest challenge to public health in modern times. However today, people infected with HIV are living longer due to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). This has resulted in age related complications like cardiovascular diseases, causing increased morbidity and mortality. The relative contributions of HIV infection versus potential adverse effects of HAART to coronary heart disease risk remains unclear. Recent reports implicate both HIV infection per se and HAART therapy to cause metabolic derangements which are pro-atherogenic. Here, we report a case of HIV infected young patient never exposed to HAART, presenting with accelerated atherosclerosis in aorta, coronary and carotid arteries.

Key words: Accelerated atherosclerosis, autopsy, highly active anti-retroviral therapy


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

R. Kalyani, M. J. Thej, K. Prabhakar, J. Kiran. Accelerated atherosclerosis in a human immunodeficiency virus infected patient not on highly active anti-retroviral therapy : An autopsy case report. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2011; 2(4): 241-243. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.89810


Web Style

R. Kalyani, M. J. Thej, K. Prabhakar, J. Kiran. Accelerated atherosclerosis in a human immunodeficiency virus infected patient not on highly active anti-retroviral therapy : An autopsy case report. http://www.jcdronline.org/?mno=93200 [Access: January 17, 2022]. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.89810


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

R. Kalyani, M. J. Thej, K. Prabhakar, J. Kiran. Accelerated atherosclerosis in a human immunodeficiency virus infected patient not on highly active anti-retroviral therapy : An autopsy case report. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2011; 2(4): 241-243. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.89810



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

R. Kalyani, M. J. Thej, K. Prabhakar, J. Kiran. Accelerated atherosclerosis in a human immunodeficiency virus infected patient not on highly active anti-retroviral therapy : An autopsy case report. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. (2011), [cited January 17, 2022]; 2(4): 241-243. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.89810



Harvard Style

R. Kalyani, M. J. Thej, K. Prabhakar, J. Kiran (2011) Accelerated atherosclerosis in a human immunodeficiency virus infected patient not on highly active anti-retroviral therapy : An autopsy case report. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res., 2 (4), 241-243. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.89810



Turabian Style

R. Kalyani, M. J. Thej, K. Prabhakar, J. Kiran. 2011. Accelerated atherosclerosis in a human immunodeficiency virus infected patient not on highly active anti-retroviral therapy : An autopsy case report. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 2 (4), 241-243. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.89810



Chicago Style

R. Kalyani, M. J. Thej, K. Prabhakar, J. Kiran. "Accelerated atherosclerosis in a human immunodeficiency virus infected patient not on highly active anti-retroviral therapy : An autopsy case report." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 2 (2011), 241-243. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.89810



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

R. Kalyani, M. J. Thej, K. Prabhakar, J. Kiran. "Accelerated atherosclerosis in a human immunodeficiency virus infected patient not on highly active anti-retroviral therapy : An autopsy case report." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 2.4 (2011), 241-243. Print. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.89810



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

R. Kalyani, M. J. Thej, K. Prabhakar, J. Kiran (2011) Accelerated atherosclerosis in a human immunodeficiency virus infected patient not on highly active anti-retroviral therapy : An autopsy case report. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 2 (4), 241-243. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.89810





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