E-ISSN 0976-2833 | ISSN 0975-3583
 

Review Article 


Abdominal obesity, an independent cardiovascular risk factor in Indian subcontinent: A clinico epidemiological evidence summary

D. S. Prasad, Zubair Kabir, A. K. Dash, B. C. Das.

Abstract
Evidence is emerging that obesity-associated cardiovascular disorders (CVD) show variations across regions and ethnicities. However, it is unclear if there are distinctive patterns of abdominal obesity contributing to an increased CVD risk in South Asians. Also, potential underlying mechanistic pathways of such unique patterns are not comprehensively reported in South Asians. This review sets out to examine both. A comprehensive database search strategy was undertaken, namely, PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library, applying specific search terms for potentially relevant published literature in English language. Grey literature, including scientific meeting abstracts, expert consultations, text books and government/non-government publications were also retrieved. South Asians have 3-5% higher body fat than whites, at any given body mass index. Additional distinctive features, such as South Asian phenotype, low adipokine production, lower lean body mass, ethno-specific socio-cultural and economic factors, were considered as potential contributors to an early age-onset of obesity-linked CVD risk in South Asians. Proven cost-effective anti-obesity strategies, including the development of ethno-specific clinical risk assessment tools, should be adopted early in the life-course to prevent premature CVD deaths and morbidity in South Asians.

Key words: Abdominal obesity, cardiovascular risk, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, South Asians


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

D. S. Prasad, Zubair Kabir , A. K. Dash, B. C. Das. Abdominal obesity, an independent cardiovascular risk factor in Indian subcontinent: A clinico epidemiological evidence summary. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2011; 2(4): 199-205. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.89803


Web Style

D. S. Prasad, Zubair Kabir , A. K. Dash, B. C. Das. Abdominal obesity, an independent cardiovascular risk factor in Indian subcontinent: A clinico epidemiological evidence summary. http://www.jcdronline.org/?mno=93190 [Access: January 16, 2022]. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.89803


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

D. S. Prasad, Zubair Kabir , A. K. Dash, B. C. Das. Abdominal obesity, an independent cardiovascular risk factor in Indian subcontinent: A clinico epidemiological evidence summary. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2011; 2(4): 199-205. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.89803



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

D. S. Prasad, Zubair Kabir , A. K. Dash, B. C. Das. Abdominal obesity, an independent cardiovascular risk factor in Indian subcontinent: A clinico epidemiological evidence summary. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. (2011), [cited January 16, 2022]; 2(4): 199-205. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.89803



Harvard Style

D. S. Prasad, Zubair Kabir , A. K. Dash, B. C. Das (2011) Abdominal obesity, an independent cardiovascular risk factor in Indian subcontinent: A clinico epidemiological evidence summary. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res., 2 (4), 199-205. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.89803



Turabian Style

D. S. Prasad, Zubair Kabir , A. K. Dash, B. C. Das. 2011. Abdominal obesity, an independent cardiovascular risk factor in Indian subcontinent: A clinico epidemiological evidence summary. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 2 (4), 199-205. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.89803



Chicago Style

D. S. Prasad, Zubair Kabir , A. K. Dash, B. C. Das. "Abdominal obesity, an independent cardiovascular risk factor in Indian subcontinent: A clinico epidemiological evidence summary." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 2 (2011), 199-205. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.89803



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

D. S. Prasad, Zubair Kabir , A. K. Dash, B. C. Das. "Abdominal obesity, an independent cardiovascular risk factor in Indian subcontinent: A clinico epidemiological evidence summary." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 2.4 (2011), 199-205. Print. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.89803



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

D. S. Prasad, Zubair Kabir , A. K. Dash, B. C. Das (2011) Abdominal obesity, an independent cardiovascular risk factor in Indian subcontinent: A clinico epidemiological evidence summary. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 2 (4), 199-205. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.89803





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